Attempts to chemically investigate element 112

Robert Eichler, Willy Brüchele, Razvan Aurel Buda, Stephan Bürger, Robert Dressler, Christoph E. Düllmann, J. Dvorak, Klaus Eberhardt, Bernd Eichler, C. M. Folden III, Heinz Gäggeler, K. E. Gregorich, Florian Haenssler, Darlene C. Hoffman, Holger Hummrich, Egon Jäger, Jens Volker Kratz, Bernhard Kuczewski, Dirk Liebe, D. NayakHeino Nitsche, D. Piguet, Z. Qin, Ulrich Rieth, Matthias Schädel, Brigitta Schausten, Erwin Schimpf, A. Semchenkov, Sandra Soverna, Ralf Sudowe, Norbert Trautmann, Petra Thörle, Andi Türler, Birgit Wierczinski, Norbert Wiehl, P. A. Wilk, Gerhard Wirth, A. B. Yakushev, André von Zweidorf

Publikation: Beitrag in einer FachzeitschriftArtikel


Two experiments aiming at the chemical investigation of element 112 produced in the heavy ion induced nuclear fusion reaction of 48Ca with 238U were performed at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Darmstadt, Germany. Both experiments were designed to determine the adsorption enthalpy of element 112 on a gold surface using a thermochromatography setup. The temperature range covered in the thermochromatography experiments allowed the adsorption of Hg at about 35°C and of Rn at about -180°C. Reports from the Flerov Laboratory for Nuclear Reactions (FLNR), Dubna, Russia claim production of a 5-min spontaneous fission (SF) activity assigned to 283112 for the 238U( 48Ca,3n) 283112 reaction. Hence, Experiment I was designed to detect spontaneously fissioning (SF) isotopes of element 112 with half-lives (t1/2) longer than about 20 s. 11 high-energy events were detected. 7 events exhibit a deposition pattern resembling a chromatographic peak in the vicinity of Rn deposition. However, the energy of the events observed in Experiment I was lower than expected for a SF-decay of 283112. Therefore, these events could not be unambiguously attributed to the decay of 283112. In contradiction with earlier publications newer reports from FLNR Dubna claim that 283112 decays by α-particle emission (Eα = 9.5 MeV) with t1/2 = 4 s followed by a SF-decay of 279Ds (t1/2 = 0.2 s). Therefore, Experiment II was designed to be sensitive to both claimed decay properties of 283112. However, during this experiment neither short α-SF correlations nor SF coincidences were detected. The conclusion is that 283112 was not unambiguously detected, neither in Experiment I nor in Experiment II.
Seiten (von - bis)181-191
FachzeitschriftRadiochimica Acta
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2006

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