Reversible antiferroelectric-ferroelectric phase transitions were recently observed in a series of SrSnO3-modified NaNbO3 lead-free antiferroelectric materials, exhibiting well-defined double polarization hysteresis loops at ambient conditions. Here, transmission electron microscopy was employed to investigate the crystallography and domain configuration of this newly designed system via electron diffraction and centered dark-field imaging. It was confirmed that antiferroelectricity is maintained in all compositions, manifested by the characteristic ¼ superlattice reflections in the electron-diffraction patterns. By investigating the antiferroelectric domains and domain boundaries in NaNbO3, we demonstrate that antiphase boundaries are present and their irregular periodicity is responsible for the streaking features along the ¼ superlattice reflections in the electron-diffraction patterns. The signature domain blocks observed in pure NaNbO3 are maintained in the SrSnO3-modified ceramics, but disappear when the amount of SrSnO3 reaches 7 mol.%. In particular, a well-defined and distinct domain configuration is observed in the NaNbO3 sample modified with 5 mol.% SrSnO3, which presents a parallelogram domain morphology.
|Seiten (von - bis)||3715-3725|
|Fachzeitschrift||Journal of the American Ceramic Society|
|Publikationsstatus||Veröffentlicht - Juli 2021|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Keramische und Verbundwerkstoffe
Fields of Expertise
- Advanced Materials Science