Enhancement of inter-area oscillation damping by wide-area controlled hydropower plants

Daniel Fank*, Herwig Renner

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit

Publikation: Beitrag in einer FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung


This paper examines how the combined use of hydro governors and a wide-area damping controller (WADC) can improve the damping of inter-area oscillations in power systems. Such oscillations can endanger the stability of power grids, thus damping them is a high priority for transmission system operators (TSO). To ensure that low-frequency oscillations decay as fast as possible, a modal linear quadratic Gaussian (LQG) is proposed as a wide-area controller approach. Using the 10-machine New England Test System, the combined application of the WADC in hydropower plants via generator excitation as well as via the hydro governor is examined for their effectiveness in terms of damping capability. In order to minimize the number of essential PMUs in power systems for the model-based WADC, the residue-based input/output signal selection method is applied. To increase the robustness against large disturbance faults, the generator voltage as additional signal is utilized for the WADC. For controller performance and robustness, the verification has been done under various operating points, tie-line failures as well as different PMU delays. The successful damping of the inter-area oscillation by means of wide-area controlled hydropower plants has been also demonstrated through a nonlinear time domain simulation.

Seiten (von - bis)762-774
FachzeitschriftIET Generation, Transmission and Distribution
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Feb. 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Steuerungs- und Systemtechnik
  • Energieanlagenbau und Kraftwerkstechnik
  • Elektrotechnik und Elektronik


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