Mineral scale deposits in water drainage and supply systems are a common and challenging issue, especially by clogging the water flow. The removal of such unwanted deposits is cost intensive arguing for case-specific and sustainable prevention strategies. In the present study, a novel on-site approach to prevent calcium carbonate (CaCO3) scale formation was assessed in two road tunnel drainages: Application of the eco-friendly green inhibitor polyaspartate (PASP) caused (i) a significant inhibition of CaCO3 precipitation, (ii) a more porous or even unconsolidated consistence of the deposits, and (iii) a shift from calcite to the metastable aragonite and vaterite polymorphs. Even relatively low PASP concentrations (1–33 mg/l) can significantly decrease CaCO3 scale deposition, removing up to ∼7 t CaCO3/year at an efficiency up to 84%. Application of PASP for water conditioning should also consider case-specific microbial activity effects, where consumption of PASP, e.g. by Leptothrix ochracea, can limit inhibition effects.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental engineering
- Tief- und Ingenieurbau
- Ökologische Modellierung
- Gewässerkunde und -technologie
- Abfallwirtschaft und -entsorgung