Online calibration of accelerometers for monitoring of wind turbine blade movement

Theresa Loss, Oliver Gerler, Alexander Bergmann

    Publikation: Beitrag in Buch/Bericht/KonferenzbandBeitrag in einem KonferenzbandBegutachtung

    Abstract

    Measuring acceleration at the blade tips of wind turbines is a promising approach in structural health monitoring for tracking blade movement and consequently reducing blade loads. Online calibration of accelerometers is crucial in identifying any changes in sensor properties introduced during mounting or by sensor aging. Acceleration due to gravity during steady states of the sensor can be used as a reference level for calibration.In our approach, steady states during standstills of the turbine were identified and static offset and cross-axis sensitivity were calibrated for an exemplary accelerometer. A simulation of sensor orientations during steady states demonstrated that diversely distributed orientations result in smaller calibration errors.Algorithms were tested with real data of sensors mounted on wind turbine blades. Results showed that identification of steady states is challenging due to low frequency vibrations of the blade. Nevertheless, calibration significantly reduced the error in measurements, thereby increasing accuracy in monitoring applications. Finally, the benefit of calibration was demonstrated by means of two applications in wind turbine engineering.

    Originalspracheenglisch
    TitelI2MTC 2020 - International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, Proceedings
    Herausgeber (Verlag)Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
    Seitenumfang6
    ISBN (elektronisch)9781728144603
    DOIs
    PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Mai 2020
    Veranstaltung2020 IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference: IEEE I2MTC 2020 - Virtuell, Dubrovnik, Kroatien
    Dauer: 25 Mai 202028 Mai 2020
    https://i2mtc2020.ieee-ims.org/

    Konferenz

    Konferenz2020 IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference
    KurztitelIEEE I2MTC 2020
    Land/GebietKroatien
    OrtVirtuell, Dubrovnik
    Zeitraum25/05/2028/05/20
    Internetadresse

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Sicherheit, Risiko, Zuverlässigkeit und Qualität
    • Instrumentierung

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