Operating Energy Demand of Various Residential Building Typologies in Different European Climates

Brian Cody, Wolfgang Löschnig, Alexander Eberl

Publikation: Beitrag in einer FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung


The work described below compares three very different residential typologies in terms of their energy performance in operation. The objective of the study is to identify the influence of building typologies and corresponding urban morphologies on operational energy demand and the potential for building integrated energy production. Two of the typologies studied are apartment buildings while the third comprises single-family homes located on small plots. An important factor under consideration is the insertion into the respective urban design configuration so that mutual shading of the buildings and the ensuing impact on energy performance is evaluated. Heating and cooling demands, as well as the potential for building-integrated electricity production were investigated for four different European climates in a dynamic thermal simulation environment.
The results show that the investigated apartment buildings have a lower operational energy demand than the single-family-home in all climates. This advantage is most pronounced in cool climate conditions. At the same time the investigated single family home has the highest potential for building integrated renewable energy production in all climates. This advantage is most pronounced in low latitudes. The study builds up on generic buildings that are based on a common urban grid and are easily comparable and scalable into whole city districts. Still, these buildings were planned into such detail, that they provide fully functional floor plans and comply with national building regulations. This approach allows us to draw conclusions on the scale of individual buildings and at an urban scale at the same time.
Seiten (von - bis)226-250
FachzeitschriftSmart and Sustainable Built Environment
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2018


  • Gebäudesimulation
  • building simulation
  • Energieeffizienz
  • energy efficiency
  • Wohnbau
  • residential buildings
  • Städtebau
  • urban planning
  • urbanism
  • Nachhaltiges Bauen
  • Sustainable Buildings
  • Sustainable construction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Erneuerbare Energien, Nachhaltigkeit und Umwelt
  • Architektur
  • Bauwesen

Fields of Expertise

  • Sustainable Systems

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