Characterization of the quality of pulp fines and their effect on paper properties

Activity: Talk or presentationTalk at conference or symposiumScience to science


It is widely accepted that pulp fines (particles passing a 200 mesh screen, i.e. a 76 μm hole diameter (SCAN-CM 66:05) ) largely affect pulp properties, sheet consolidation and the final paper properties. Especially fines produced during refining of pulp - so called secondary fines – showing more fibrillar character compared to primary fines already produced in the pulping process have a positive effect on strength properties of paper. Although this is common knowledge within the pulp and paper physics community, it is still largely unclear how and to what extent the character of these pulp fines influences pulp and paper properties. As microfibrillated celluloses (MFC), having similar properties as pulp fines, are starting to be applied in the paper industry these questions are becoming relevant also for this type of cellulosic materials.
In this study we apply established and novel methods for pulp fines characterization such as fines content, water retention value (WRV) of the given materials and an image analysis based method to characterize the structure of
pulp fines. A suitable experimental setup to isolate the technological impact of pulp fines on paper properties is presented. Using this approach we are able to selectively evaluate the effect of aforementioned characteristics of pulp fines on paper properties. The results clearly show that categorization in primary and secondary fines is insufficient when it comes to the technological impact and that only an in-depth analysis of the fines present in a given pulp allows
to understand the full picture regarding their effect on paper properties.
Period20 Mar 2018
Event title255th ACS National Meeting: Nexus of Food, Energy, and Water
Event typeConference
LocationNew Orleans, United StatesShow on map
Degree of RecognitionInternational

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science

Treatment code (Nähere Zuordnung)

  • Application