Exploitation of post-fit residuals in global GNSS network processing

Activity: Talk or presentationPoster presentationScience to science


Global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) products are integral to a wide array of scientific and commercial applications such as pecise orbit determination of low Earth orbit satellites, earthquake monitoring, GNSS reflectomrety, tropospheric and ionospheric research, surveying and much more. These products consisting of GNSS orbit, clock, phase biases and more are generated by the analysis centres of the International GNSS Service (IGS) by processing observations from a global network of ground stations to one or more GNSS constellations. The processing consists of a combined station position and GNSS satellite orbit determination through a least squares approach donated as global multi-GNSS processing.

Within global multi-GNSS processing it is assumed that the observation noise is elevation-dependent and any spatial and temporal correlations are disregarded. Within numerous studies it has been shown that this assumption is incorrect while several studies additional pointed out that a sophisticated stochastic modelling has a positiv impact on GNSS processing and resulting products. In past reseach we have shown to exploit the post-fit residuals to derive temporal correlations for a sophisticated stochastic modeling. However, there have not been any large-scale investigations regarding the impact of stochastic modelling of observation noise on global GNSS processing products. Furthermore, to guarantee the quality of the GNSS products global multi-GNSS processing requires a sophisticated cycle slip detection and repairing algorithm. Cycle slips are discontinuities in the phase observations and if not corrected can lead to degrading quality of GNSS products.

We present our advancements in global multi-GNSS processing by exploiting post-fit residuals for stochastic modeling and cycle slip detection. We used several years of observations and a selected IGS network of ground stations to generate GNSS products. Based on this data we analysed the impact our newly integrated approaches have on GNSS products such as orbits, clocks, phase biases and station coordinate time series.
Period25 Apr 2023
Event titleEuropean Geosciences Union General Assembly 2023: EGU 2023
Event typeConference
LocationWien, AustriaShow on map