A comparison of copper indium sulfide-polymer nanocomposite solar cells in inverted and regular device architecture

Sebastian Dunst, Thomas Rath*, Angelika Reichmann, Huei-Ting CHIEN, Bettina Friedel, Gregor Trimmel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study, the influence of device architecture (regular versus inverted) and different interlayers on performance and lifetime of polymer-nanocrystal hybrid solar cells is explored. The absorber layers of the investigated solar cells consist of the low band gap conjugated polymer poly[[9-(1-octylnonyl)-9H-carbazole-2,7-diyl]-2,5-thiophenediyl-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole-4,7-diyl-2,5-thiophenediyl] (PCDTBT) and copper indium sulfide (CIS) nanocrystals. These are prepared directly in the polymer matrix via an in situ approach using copper and indium xanthates, which are converted to CIS nanocrystals by mild thermal annealing. Different interlayers – poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) and inorganic metal oxides (V2O5, MoO3) – are used as hole extraction layers between absorber and anode. All three layers were successfully applied in solar cells in regular architecture. Using an inverted device design, a PEDOT:PSS interlayer and Ag electrodes, open circuit voltages of 550 mV could be obtained, which are comparable to values obtained with solar cells having easily oxidizing low work function metal electrodes. However, inverted solar cells with a V2O5 hole extraction layer could not be obtained due to possible incompatibility of the V2O5 coating process with the underlying absorber layer. In the case of MoO3 interlayers, the introduction of additional layers led to working inverted solar cells.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-123
JournalSynthetic Metals
Volume222
Issue numberPart A
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science

Treatment code (Nähere Zuordnung)

  • Experimental

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