A Modelling Approach on Fine Particle Spatial Distribution for Street Canyons in Asian Residential Community

Hong Ling, Shih-Chun Candice Lung, Ulrich Uhrner

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterpeer-review


Rapidly increasing urban pollution poses severe health risks. Especially fine particles pollution is considered to be closely related to respiratory and cardio-vascular disease. In this work, ambient fine particles are studied in street canyons of a typical Asian residential community using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) dispersion modelling approach. The community is characterised by an artery road with a busy traffic flow of about 4000 light vehicles (mainly cars and motorcycles) per hour at rush hours, three streets with hundreds light vehicles per hour at rush hours and several small lanes with less traffic. The objective is to study the spatial distribution of the ambient fine particle concentrations within micro-environments, in order to assess fine particle exposure of the people living in the community. The GRAL modelling system is used to simulate and assess the emission and dispersion of the traffic-related fine particles within the community. Traffic emission factors and traffic situation
is assigned using both field observation and local emissions inventory data. High resolution digital elevation data (DEM) and building height data are used to resolve the topographical features. Air quality monitoring and mobile monitoring within the community is used to validate the simulation results. By using this modelling approach, the dispersion of fine particles in street canyons is simulated; the impact of wind condition and street orientation are investigated; the contributions of car and motorcycle emissions are quantified respectively; the residents’ exposure level of fine particles is assessed.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2016
EventEuropean Geosciences UnionGeneral Assembly 2016 - Vienna Austria, Vienna, Austria
Duration: 17 Apr 201622 Apr 2016


ConferenceEuropean Geosciences UnionGeneral Assembly 2016

Fields of Expertise

  • Mobility & Production

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