Advancements on bifurcation behavior and operational deflection shapes of disk brake creep groan

Severin Huemer-Kals*, Jonas Kappauf, Martin Zacharczuk, Hartmut Hetzler, Karl Häsler, Peter Fischer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Disk brake creep groan vibrations are friction-induced stick–slip vibrations. Their impulse-like excitation, caused by the physical properties of the frictional contacts, leads to strongly nonlinear vibrations of brake system, axle and also chassis parts. As with many nonlinear phenomena, theoretical and experimental investigations on the bifurcation behavior were already done. So-far performed experiments used either strongly reduced setups or were limited in the controllability of testing, leading to certain deviations and a reduced complexity compared to the real-world behavior of the full vehicle. In this work, an approach based on half-axle tests is presented. Here, tire and rim are part of the system. By running drum-driven test matrices, extended stability maps of the rest position were created. An operational deflection shape (ODS) analysis over all 72 operating points of the test matrix was performed. Together with the relative speeds in the friction contact, a novel classification of creep groan phenomena is presented. These results prove an interaction between longitudinal and rotational axle displacements during creep groan, which was already assumed in corresponding vehicle tests. The insights enable a clearer distinction of creep groan, which is necessary for the accurate objective rating of creep groan phenomena in industry. Furthermore, the ODS results suggest the structure for a sufficient minimal model.
Original languageEnglish
Article number116978
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
Early online date20 May 2022
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2022


  • Creep groan
  • Operational deflection shapes
  • Stick-slip
  • Bifurcations
  • Disk brakes
  • Minimal model
  • Stick–slip

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Fields of Expertise

  • Mobility & Production


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