Dislocations are usually expected to degrade electrical, thermal and optical functionality and to tune mechanical properties of materials. Here, we demonstrate a general framework for the control of dislocation–domain wall interactions in ferroics, employing an imprinted dislocation network. Anisotropic dielectric and electromechanical properties are engineered in barium titanate crystals via well-controlled line-plane relationships, culminating in extraordinary and stable large-signal dielectric permittivity (≈23100) and piezoelectric coefficient (≈2470 pm V–1). In contrast, a related increase in properties utilizing point-plane relation prompts a dramatic cyclic degradation. Observed dielectric and piezoelectric properties are rationalized using transmission electron microscopy and time- and cycle-dependent nuclear magnetic resonance paired with X-ray diffraction. Succinct mechanistic understanding is provided by phase-field simulations and driving force calculations of the described dislocation–domain wall interactions. Our 1D-2D defect approach offers a fertile ground for tailoring functionality in a wide range of functional material systems.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
Fields of Expertise
- Advanced Materials Science