Anomalous dielectric and thermal properties of Ba-doped PbZrO3 ceramics

R. Pirc, B. Rožič, J. Koruza, G. Cordoyiannis, B. Malič, Z. Kutnjak

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The dielectric and thermal properties of an antiferroelectric (AFE) material characterised by an intermediate ferroelectric (FE) phase between the AFE and paraelectric phase in zero field are studied by means of a generalised Landau-Kittel model of AFEs. A temperature-dependent coupling of the two sublattices is introduced in accordance with the Rae-Dove (RD) model of re-entrant phase transitions. The sublattice polarisation components are calculated as functions of temperature and the applied electric field by minimising numerically the free energy. The calculated dielectric susceptibility shows anomalies at the boundaries of the intermediate FE phase, characteristic for first-order phase transitions. It is shown that this behaviour is in qualitative agreement with the measured dielectric constant in Ba-doped PbZrO3 ceramics. The model also predicts a negative adiabatic electrocaloric temperature change δT in a broad temperature range in the AFE phase, in qualitative agreement with experiments. The dipolar heat capacity is also predicted to be negative in the intermediate phase in zero field, in analogy with the results of the RD model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number455902
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Issue number45
Publication statusPublished - 22 Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • antiferroelectrics
  • electrocaloric effect
  • phase transitions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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