Applied Pipe Roughness Identification of Water Networks: Consideration of all Flow Regimes

Stefan Kaltenbacher, Martin Steinberger, Martin Horn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper presents a mathematically rigorous unification of the pipe roughness identification problem of water distribution networks considering all Reynolds regimes, i.e. laminar, turbulent as well as transitional flow regimes. Although the identification procedure is based on steady-state hydraulic network equations, the identified roughness parameters are also key for dynamic models that can be used for model-based controller and observer designs. While a 3-cycle network simulation example serves to illustrate the presented problem formulation and solution in an extensive manner, the application on a realworld drinking water network is in focus. In addition, vital aspects such as topology simplifications of the underlying network and the importance of the generation and selection of independent measurement-sets are addressed. The authors apply root-finding methods instead of methods based on optimization and thereby show that the pipe roughness identification problem may actually be applicable to identify as well as locate leakages.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)676-691
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Laminar flow
  • pipe roughness identification
  • roughness calibration
  • transitional flow
  • turbulent flow
  • water distribution networks
  • modeling
  • parameter identification
  • Distribution networks
  • Loss measurement
  • Steady-state
  • Task analysis
  • Friction
  • Mathematical models
  • Pressure measurement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering

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