BRENDA in 2015: exciting developments in its 25th year of existence.

Antje Chang, Ida Schomburg, Sandra Placzek, Lisa Jeske, Markus Ulbrich, Mei Xiao, Christoph Wilhelm Sensen, Dietmar Schomburg*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The BRENDA enzyme information system ( has developed into an elaborate system of enzyme and enzyme-ligand information obtained from different sources, combined with flexible query systems and evaluation tools. The information is obtained by manual extraction from primary literature, text and data mining, data integration, and prediction algorithms. Approximately 300 million data include enzyme function and molecular data from more than 30 000 organisms. The manually derived core contains 3 million data from 77 000 enzymes annotated from 135 000 literature references. Each entry is connected to the literature reference and the source organism. They are complemented by information on occurrence, enzyme/disease relationships from text mining, sequences and 3D structures from other databases, and predicted enzyme location and genome annotation. Functional and structural data of more than 190 000 enzyme ligands are stored in BRENDA. New features improving the functionality and analysis tools were implemented. The human anatomy atlas CAVEman is linked to the BRENDA Tissue Ontology terms providing a connection between anatomical and functional enzyme data. Word Maps for enzymes obtained from PubMed abstracts highlight application and scientific relevance of enzymes. The EnzymeDetector genome annotation tool and the reaction database BKM-react including reactions from BRENDA, KEGG and MetaCyc were improved. The website was redesigned providing new query options.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)D439–D446
    JournalNucleic Acids Research
    Issue numberD1
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Fields of Expertise

    • Human- & Biotechnology

    Treatment code (Nähere Zuordnung)

    • Basic - Fundamental (Grundlagenforschung)

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