CFD-model to predict the local and time-dependent scale formation of steels in air- and oxygen enriched combustion atmospheres

C. Schluckner*, C. Gaber, M. Demuth, S. Forstinger, R. Prieler, C. Hochenauer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This work presents a geometry-flexible, spatially resolved scale formation model for a mild and a tempering steel in high temperature reheating furnaces. Corresponding oxidation kinetics in air-fuel, oxygen enriched and oxy-fuel combustion atmospheres were developed to predict scale layer formation rates with high resolution in time and space. The results demonstrate the influence of different combustion atmospheres on the scale formation behaviour and highlight the local effects of oxidizing species. Finally, it was shown that oxygen enhanced and oxy-fuel combustion can be effectively used in reheating furnaces to minimize material losses, increase both productivity and efficiency and simultaneously reduce costs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)822-835
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018


  • Local and time-dependent scale build-up prediction
  • Material loss minimization by usage of oxygen enriched combustion
  • Oxygen enriched and oxy-fuel combustion atmospheres
  • Reheating in air-
  • Scale formation model for a mild and a tempering steel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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