Chemical shift separation with controlled aliasing for hyperpolarized (13) C metabolic imaging

Peter J Shin, Peder E Z Larson, Martin Uecker, Galen D Reed, Adam B Kerr, James Tropp, Michael A Ohliger, Sarah J Nelson, John M Pauly, Michael Lustig, Daniel B Vigneron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


PURPOSE: A chemical shift separation technique for hyperpolarized (13) C metabolic imaging with high spatial and temporal resolution was developed. Specifically, a fast three-dimensional pulse sequence and a reconstruction method were implemented to acquire signals from multiple (13) C species simultaneously with subsequent separation into individual images.

THEORY AND METHODS: A stack of flyback echo-planar imaging readouts and a set of multiband excitation radiofrequency pulses were designed to spatially modulate aliasing patterns of the acquired metabolite images, which translated the chemical shift separation problem into parallel imaging reconstruction problem. An eight-channel coil array was used for data acquisition and a parallel imaging method based on nonlinear inversion was developed to separate the aliased images.

RESULTS: Simultaneous acquisitions of pyruvate and lactate in a phantom study and in vivo rat experiments were performed. The results demonstrated successful separation of the metabolite distributions into individual images having high spatial resolution.

CONCLUSION: This method demonstrated the ability to provide accelerated metabolite imaging in hyperpolarized (13) C MR using multichannel coils, tailored readout, and specialized RF pulses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)978-89
Number of pages12
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Animals
  • Carbon Isotopes/analysis
  • Computer Simulation
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods
  • Kidney/chemistry
  • Lactic Acid/metabolism
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging/instrumentation
  • Phantoms, Imaging
  • Pyruvic Acid/metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley

Fields of Expertise

  • Human- & Biotechnology
  • Information, Communication & Computing


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