We seek to determine the effect of competing intermolecular hydrogen bonds from water on the preferred conformation of 4-aminobutanol (4AB) monomers stabilized by intramolecular hydrogen bonds. Toward this end, the rotational spectrum of the 4-aminobutanol-H2O complex was recorded using Fourier transform microwave spectroscopy and fit to the rotational, quadrupole coupling, and centrifugal distortion constants of the Watson S-reduction Hamiltonian. The experimental results are consistent with a 4AB-water complex that preserves the intramolecular hydrogen bond within the 4AB monomer and forms a single intermolecular bond with water acting as a donor. The experimental monomer structure agrees well with the lowest energy conformation calculated at the MP2/6-311++G(d,p) level of theory. Upon complex formation and the introduction of competing intermolecular bonds from water, only small changes in the OH···N intramolecular hydrogen bond and backbone torsional angles of the 4-aminobutanol monomer are observed. Similar small changes were observed for the shorter chain 3-aminopropanol amino alcohol monomer when complexed with water, in contrast to the 2-aminoethanol-H2O complex. In the latter, a large change in the backbone torsional angle and a breaking of the intramolecular hydrogen bond were observed. Thus, extending the methylene chain results in an increase in the strength of the intramolecular hydrogen bond in unbranched amino alcohols.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Fields of Expertise
- Advanced Materials Science