Controls of temperature and mineral growth rate on Mg incorporation in aragonite

Vasileios Mavromatis*, Jean-Michel Brazier, Katja Götschl

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The incorporation of Mg in aragonite was experimentally investigated as a function of mineral growth rate at 5, 15 and 25 °C using the constant addition technique. Aragonite growth rate was found to be the major parameter affecting the Mg partitioning coefficient (i.e. [Formula presented]) between aragonite and fluid, whereas the effect of temperature is smaller but measurable. At similar surface normalized growth rates, D Mg values decrease as temperature increases from 5 to 25 °C. The magnitude of decrease as a function of temperature is similar for all the experiments of this study where growth rate varied in the range 10 -8.6 ≤ r p ≤ 10 -7.1 (mol/m 2/s). The combined effect of aragonite growth rate and temperature on D Mg can be described by the linear equation: Log D Mg = 0.583(±0.020) Log r p − 0.026(±0.001) T + 0.863(±0.153); R 2 = 0.97. where T is the temperature in degrees Celsius. The increase of D Mg values at decreasing temperatures in experiments conducted at similar growth rates is consistent with the increase of fluid supersaturation with respect to aragonite. Thus, it can be inferred that increased Mg incorporation at higher supersaturation is associated with the greater presence of defect sites on the growing mineral surface, similar to the incorporation of other incompatible ions in carbonate minerals. Overall, the relationship between Mg content of aragonite with the degree of saturation of the fluid with respect to this mineral phase suggests that D Mg values or Mg/Ca ratio in natural aragonites can be used as a proxy for saturation degree of the formation fluid with respect to CaCO 3 minerals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-64
Number of pages12
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2022


  • Aragonite
  • Defect sites
  • Growth rate
  • Mg distribution
  • Temperature effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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