Design Automation for a Fully Printed P(VDF-TrFE) Transducer

Christoph Leitner*, Kyrylo Keller, Stephan Thurner, Christian Baumgartner, Francesco Greco*, Hermann Scharfetter, Jörg Schröttner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperpeer-review


Ultrasound transducers can be modelled from scratch in software. Simulations employ these models to investigate the influences of materials and shapes of transducer structures on the resonance behaviour. However, there is a lack of publicly available code implementations for such models. In addition, printed transducers place special demands on the design. For example, printing processes always require substrate materials that can affect resonances. To support rapid prototyping, we provided an equivalent circuit model based on the model suggested by Mason. We employed transmission line theory to account for impedance loads from auxiliary structures (e.g. electrodes or substrate). We evaluated our model on 6 printed transducer samples and found mean differences in resonant frequencies of 3.63±2.5MHz. Moreover, we demonstrated the usage of this model in the design process of printed transducers. We made all our code available as open-source software via:
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2022 IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics, Piezoresponse Force Microscopy and European Conference on Applications of Polar Dielectrics, ISAF-PFM-ECAPD 2022
PublisherIEEE Xplore
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781665448413
Publication statusPublished - 2 Sept 2022
Event2022 IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics: IEEE ISAF 2022 - Tours, France
Duration: 27 Jun 20221 Jul 2022


Conference2022 IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics
Abbreviated titleIEEE ISAF 2022


  • Acoustic
  • Electric
  • Impedance.
  • Inkjet Printing
  • Mason Model
  • Piezoelectric
  • Rapid Prototyping
  • Screen Printing
  • Transmission Line Theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Fields of Expertise

  • Human- & Biotechnology


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