Designing for Mixed Reality Urban Exploration

Salvatore Andolina*, Yi Ta Hsieh, Denis Kalkofen, Antti Nurminen, Diogo Cabral, Anna Spagnolli, Luciano Gamberini, Ann Morrison, Dieter Schmalstieg, Giulio Jacucci

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper introduces a design framework for mixed reality urban exploration (MRUE), based on a concrete implementation in a historical city. The framework integrates different modalities, such as virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR), and haptics-audio interfaces, as well as advanced features such as personalized recommendations, social exploration, and itinerary management. It permits to address a number of concerns regarding information overload, safety, and quality of the experience, which are not sufficiently tackled in traditional non-integrated approaches. This study presents an integrated mobile platform built on top of this framework and reflects on the lessons learned.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-49
Number of pages17
JournalInteraction Design and Architecture(s)
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Augmented reality
  • cultural heritage
  • haptic guidance
  • mixed reality
  • urban exploration
  • virtual reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture
  • Media Technology
  • Pharmacology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Science Applications


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