Drop-by-Drop Radar Cross Section Calculations for Sand C-band Weather Radar Frequencies

Franz Teschl*, Merhala Thurai, Sophie Steger, Michael Schönhuber

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperpeer-review


Recent studies revealed that scattering calculations at weather radar frequencies using individual drop shapes result in better agreement between simulated and measured polarimetric weather radar parameters, than if established rotational symmetric shape models are used. In the present work, thousands of individual rain drops that were detected with a 2D Video Disdrometer during a tropical storm, were reconstructed and their individual radar cross sections (RCS) were calculated by automatizing a commercial EM solver software. The calculations were carried out at the common weather radar frequencies at 2.8 GHz and 5.625 GHz, both for horizontal and vertical polarization. It is evaluated to what extend the RCS can differ for drops with an equal volume, it is discussed how the scattering parameters of individual drops scale within S-and C-band frequencies, and it is shown for one sample drop what effect the modelling granularity has on determined radar cross section values.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2022 16th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, EuCAP 2022
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9788831299046
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event16th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation: EuCAP 2022 - Madrid, Spain
Duration: 27 Mar 20221 Apr 2022


Conference16th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation
Abbreviated titleEuCAP 2022


  • 2D Video Disdrometer
  • C-band
  • hydrometeors
  • radar cross section
  • rain drop shapes
  • RCS
  • S-band
  • scattering calculation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Radiation


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