Effect of initial anisotropy on shear banding in granular materials

E. Bauer*, W. Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperpeer-review


The present paper presents a new hypoplastic constitutive model to describe the behaviour of a cohesionless and initially transversely isotropic granular material. State changes are described using a nonlinear tensor-valued function depending on the current void ratio, the Cauchy stress, a structure tensor involving anisotropy effects and on the rate of deformation. The evolution of the anisotropic material parameters are related to the loading history. For large monotonic shearing the initial transversely isotropic property gradually vanishes and a stationary state can be reached which is independent of the initial state. It is shown that for plane strain compression the peak friction angle strongly depends on the current void ratio, the mean pressure and the orientation of the transversely isotropic plane. The possibility of a spontaneous strain localization in the form of a shear band is investigated and the influence of the state parameters on the shear band inclination is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNumerical models in geomechanics. Proceedings of the 7th international symposium, Graz, September 1999.
EditorsG. N. Pande, S. Pietruszczak, H. F. Schweiger, G.N. Pande, S. Pietruszczak, H.F. Schweiger
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 1999
EventInternational Symposium on Numerical Models in Geomechanics - Graz, Austria
Duration: 1 Sept 19993 Sept 1999


ConferenceInternational Symposium on Numerical Models in Geomechanics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)


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