Electronic representations of conceptual models for simulation–A scoping review

C. G. Alves*, N. Furian, M. O’Sullivan, C. G. Walker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Simulation facilitates the understanding and improvement of complex systems. Conceptual modelling is a key step in simulation studies. It has gained recognition because it may both increase engagement with stakeholders and decrease the time to implement a simulation. This scoping review’s objective is to highlight approaches and platforms for electronically representing models from 1999 to 2020. The motivation is that electronic representations facilitate the sharing of conceptual models. The contribution from the review to the research of conceptual modelling and simulation is to show that conceptual models are electronically represented by broadly speaking either General-Purpose or Domain-Specific Modelling Languages. There is a slight trend towards the latter in order to better deal with application specificities and improve unambiguity in model representations, though. Thus, we identify modelling approaches, platforms, and features for electronically representing conceptual models with the potential to fill the gap between conceptual models and their corresponding simulation implementations.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Simulation
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2022


  • Conceptual modelling
  • electronic representation
  • simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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