ESD: Waveform calculation, field and current of human and simulator ESD

David Pommerenke*, Martin Aidam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Currents, current derivatives and transient fields of human ESDs are compared to currents and fields caused by commercial simulators. The results point at undefined but influential parameters of simulators and the standardized setup used. Suggestions for possible improvements of ESD test standards are given. A calculation method for the ESD current is provided. This method includes an arc model. Possible high peak current values (> 10 A/kV) are validated by a simple physical model of the hand-metal piece geometry. By calculation it is shown under which circumstances human ESD currents come close to the standardized waveform of simulators.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-51
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Electrostatics
Issue number1-2 SPEC. ISS.
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • Current
  • ESD
  • Simulation
  • Transient fields

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biotechnology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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