Evaluation of Sequence-Learning Models for Large-Commercial-Building Load Forecasting

Cristina Nichiforov, Grigore Stamatescu, Iulia Stamatescu, Ioana Fagarasan

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Buildings play a critical role in the stability and resilience of modern smart grids, leading to a refocusing of large-scale energy-management strategies from the supply side to the consumer side. When buildings integrate local renewable-energy generation in the form of renewable-energy resources, they become prosumers, and this adds more complexity to the operation of interconnected complex energy systems. A class of methods of modelling the energy-consumption patterns of the building have recently emerged as black-box input–output approaches with the ability to capture underlying consumption trends. These make use and require large quantities of quality data produced by nondeterministic processes underlying energy consumption. We present an application of a class of neural networks, namely, deep-learning techniques for time-series sequence modelling, with the goal of accurate and reliable building energy-load forecasting. Recurrent Neural Network implementation uses Long Short-Term Memory layers in increasing density of nodes to quantify prediction accuracy. The case study is illustrated on four university buildings from temperate climates over one year of operation using a reference benchmarking dataset that allows replicable results. The obtained results are discussed in terms of accuracy metrics and computational and network architecture aspects, and are considered suitable for further use in future in situ energy management at the building and neighborhood levels.
Original languageEnglish
Article number189
Number of pages14
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019
EventICSTCC 2018: 22nd International Conference on System Theory, Control and Computing - Sinaia, Romania
Duration: 10 Oct 201812 Oct 2018


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