Evolution and enrichment of CYP5035 in Polyporales: functionality of an understudied P450 family

Nico D Fessner, David R Nelson, Anton Glieder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Abstract: Bioprospecting for innovative basidiomycete cytochrome P450 enzymes (P450s) is highly desirable due to the fungi’s enormous enzymatic repertoire and outstanding ability to degrade lignin and detoxify various xenobiotics. While fungal metagenomics is progressing rapidly, the biocatalytic potential of the majority of these annotated P450 sequences usually remains concealed, although functional profiling identified several P450 families with versatile substrate scopes towards various natural products. Functional knowledge about the CYP5035 family, for example, is largely insufficient. In this study, the families of the putative P450 sequences of the four white-rot fungi Polyporus arcularius, Polyporus brumalis, Polyporus squamosus and Lentinus tigrinus were assigned, and the CYPomes revealed an unusual enrichment of CYP5035, CYP5136 and CYP5150. By computational analysis of the phylogeny of the former two P450 families, the evolution of their enrichment could be traced back to the Ganoderma macrofungus, indicating their evolutionary benefit. In order to address the knowledge gap on CYP5035 functionality, a representative subgroup of this P450 family of P. arcularius was expressed and screened against a test set of substrates. Thereby, the multifunctional enzyme CYP5035S7 converting several plant natural product classes was discovered. Aligning CYP5035S7 to 102,000 putative P450 sequences of 36 fungal species from Joint Genome Institute-provided genomes located hundreds of further CYP5035 family members, which subfamilies were classified if possible. Exemplified by these specific enzyme analyses, this study gives valuable hints for future bioprospecting of such xenobiotic-detoxifying P450s and for the identification of their biocatalytic potential. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.] Key points: • The P450 families CYP5035 and CYP5136 are unusually enriched in P. arcularius. • Functional screening shows CYP5035 assisting in the fungal detoxification mechanism. • Some Polyporales encompass an unusually large repertoire of detoxification P450s.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6779-6792
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021


  • Basidiomycota/genetics
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/genetics
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Genome, Fungal
  • Lentinula
  • Phylogeny
  • Polyporales/genetics
  • Polyporus
  • Detoxification
  • P. arcularius
  • CYPome
  • CYP5035
  • Enzyme discovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Biotechnology


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