Expanding 3D Nanoprinting Performance by Blurring the Electron Beam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Additive, direct-write manufacturing via a focused electron beam has evolved into a reliable 3D nanoprinting technology in recent years. Aside from low demands on substrate materials and surface morphologies, this technology allows the fabrication of freestanding, 3D architectures with feature sizes down to the sub-20 nm range. While indispensably needed for some concepts (e.g., 3D nano-plasmonics), the final applications can also be limited due to low mechanical rigidity, and thermal- or electric conductivities. To optimize these properties, without changing the overall 3D architecture, a controlled method for tuning individual branch diameters is desirable. Following this motivation, here, we introduce on-purpose beam blurring for controlled upward scaling and study the behavior at different inclination angles. The study reveals a massive boost in growth efficiencies up to a factor of five and the strong delay of unwanted proximal growth. In doing so, this work expands the design flexibility of this technology.
Original languageEnglish
Article number115
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science

Treatment code (Nähere Zuordnung)

  • Basic - Fundamental (Grundlagenforschung)


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