Formation of Occupied and Unoccupied Hybrid Bands at Interfaces between Metals and Organic Donors/Acceptors

David Gerbert, Oliver T. Hofmann, Petra Tegeder*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Efficient charge transport in organic semiconductors and at their interfaces with electrodes is crucial for the performance of organic molecule-based electronic devices. Band formation fosters effective transport properties and can be found in organic single crystals of large π-stacking aromatic molecules. However, at molecule/metal interfaces, hybrid band formation and band dispersion is a rarely observed phenomenon. Using angle-resolved two-photon photoemission supported by density functional theory calculations, we demonstrate such band formation for two different molecule/metal systems, namely tetrathiafulvalene/Au(111) and tetrafluoro-tetracyanoquinodimethane/Au(111), in the energy region of occupied as well as unoccupied electronic states. In both cases, strong adsorbate/substrate interactions result in the formation of interface states because of hybridization between localized molecular states and delocalized metal bands. These interface states exhibit significant dispersions. Our study reveals that hybridization in combination with an extended well-ordered adsorption structure of the π-conjugated organic molecules is a striking concept to receive and experimentally observe band formation at molecule/metal interfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27554-27560
Number of pages7
JournalThe Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number48
Publication statusPublished - 6 Dec 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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