Friction-based processes for hybrid multi-material joining

Francesco Lambiase*, Frank Balle, Lucian Attila Blaga, Fengchao Liu, S. T. Amancio-Filho

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The adoption of multi‐material lightweight structures has been recognized as one of the most effective and promising solutions to improve fuel efficiency and accelerate the electrification of future transportation systems. A wider application of multi‐material lightweight structures has been limited by our capability to fabricate them reliably and cost‐effectively at a commercial scale. In the last decade, many friction‐based joining processes have been developed and demonstrated their advantages over mechanical fastening and adhesive
bonding processes in fabricating future multi‐material lightweight structures. This article provides a comprehensive review on the recent advances of five promising friction‐based joining processes (friction assisted joining, friction lap welding, friction spot joining, friction riveting, and ultrasonic welding) on the aspects of
facilities, joining process, joining mechanism, applicable materials, surface pretreatments, and the influence of process parameters on the performance of the produce joints. This article also provides a summary of the performance of the produced joints under static load, dynamic load, various thermal cycles, or harsh chemical environments. The main similarities and differences among the joining processes are discussed. The paper points out the main knowledge gaps that need to be filled and the research that needs to be conducted to further advance the joining process. This review article will place the friction‐based joining process at a new starting point with accelerated developing speed towards higher technical maturity to make the processes available for certifiable industrial applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number113828
Number of pages18
JournalComposite Structures
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2021


  • friction
  • dissimilar materials
  • multi-material-design
  • welding
  • lightweighting
  • Lightweighting
  • Friction
  • Welding
  • Multi-material-design
  • Dissimilar materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science

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