Friction stir welding of aluminum metal matrix composite containers for electric components

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


For aerospace applications, light-weight boxes to protect and carry electronic equipment need to be sealed. The main requirements on the components are low thermal expansion and gas tightness. The common material for such an application is a metal matrix composite (MMC). The MMC suggested here consists of A356 aluminum alloy matrix with 15 vol.% SiC particle reinforcement. A safe limit for the electronic component inside the boxes during sealing is determined to be 180°C. Due to the boundary conditions gas tightness and low heat input, Friction Stir Welding (FSW) might be an alternative to the employed joining techniques. For the FSW process the T-Joint is the most appropriate joint geometry in respect to the box design. The geometry of the lid has to ensure the backing system for the stir zone inside the box. A successful welding of the box was done after a joint geometry optimization. The examination of the welded box concerns material characterization with microscopic methods, measuring thermal expansion in base material and stir zone and temperature measurement while FSW.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1445-1451
JournalKey Engineering Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science

Treatment code (Nähere Zuordnung)

  • Application
  • Experimental


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