Geometric dominating sets - a minimum version of the No-Three-In-Line Problem

Oswin Aichholzer, David Eppstein, Eva Maria Hainzl*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We consider a minimizing variant of the well-known No-Three-In-Line Problem, the Geometric Dominating Set Problem: What is the smallest number of points in an n×n grid such that every grid point lies on a common line with two of the points in the set? We show a lower bound of Ω(n2/3) points and provide a constructive upper bound of size 2⌈n/2⌉. If the points of the dominating sets are required to be in general position we provide optimal solutions for grids of size up to 12×12. For arbitrary n the currently best upper bound for points in general position remains the obvious 2n. Finally, we discuss the problem on the discrete torus where we prove an upper bound of O((nlog⁡n)1/2). For n even or a multiple of 3, we can even show a constant upper bound of 4. We also mention a number of open questions and some further variations of the problem.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101913
JournalComputational Geometry: Theory and Applications
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


  • Dominating sets
  • Domination number
  • Geometric domination
  • No-Three-In-Line Problem
  • Point sets in general position

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Geometry and Topology
  • Control and Optimization
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Computational Mathematics

Fields of Expertise

  • Information, Communication & Computing


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