Induction Machine Control for a Wide Range of Drive Requirements

Bojan Grcar*, Anton Hofer, Gorazd Štumberger

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, a method for induction machine (IM) torque/speed tracking control derived from the 3-D non-holonomic integrator including drift terms is proposed. The proposition builds on a previous result derived in the form of a single loop non-linear state controller providing implicit rotor flux linkage vector tracking. This concept was appropriate only for piecewise constant references and assured minimal norm of the stator current vector during steady-states. The extended proposition introduces a second control loop for the rotor flux linkage vector magnitude that can be either constant, programmed, or optimized to achieve either maximum torque per amp ratio or high dynamic response. It should be emphasized that the same structure of the controller can be used either for torque control or for speed control. Additionally, it turns out that the proposed controller can be easily adapted to meet different objectives posed on the drive system. The introduced control concept assures stability of the closed loop system and significantly improves tracking performance for bounded but arbitrary torque/speed references. Moreover, the singularity problem near zero rotor flux linkage vector length is easily avoided. The presented analyses include nonlinear effects due to magnetic saturation. The overall IM control scheme includes cascaded high-gain current controllers based on measured electrical and mechanical quantities together with a rotor flux linkage vector estimator. Simulation and experimental results illustrate the main characteristics of the proposed control.

Original languageEnglish
Article number175
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
Issue number175
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Energy efficiency
  • Induction machines
  • Nonlinear control
  • Torque/speed control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Fields of Expertise

  • Sustainable Systems


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