Learning Analytics as a Service for Empowered Learners: From Data Subjects to Controllers

Nicole Gosch, David Andrews, Carla Souta Barreiros, Philipp Leitner, Elisabeth Staudegger, Martin Ebner, Stefanie Lindstaedt

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperpeer-review


As Learning Analytics (LA) in the higher education setting increasingly transitions from a field of research to an implemented matter of fact of the learner's experience, the demand of practical guidelines to support its development is rising. LA Policies bring together different perspectives, like the ethical and legal dimensions, into frameworks to guide the way. Usually the first time learners get in touch with LA is at the act of consenting to the LA tool. Utilising an ethical (TRUESSEC) and a legal framework (GDPR), we question whether sincere consent is possible in the higher education setting. Drawing upon this premise, we then show how it might be possible to recognise the autonomy of the learner by providing LA as a service, rather than an intervention. This could indicate a paradigm shift towards the learner as empowered demander. At last, we show how this might be incorporated within the GDPR by also recognising the demand of the higher education institutions to use the learner's data at the same time. These considerations will in the future influence the development of our own LA policy: a LA criteria catalogue.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLAK 2021 Conference Proceedings - The Impact we Make
Subtitle of host publicationThe Contributions of Learning Analytics to Learning, 11th International Conference on Learning Analytics and Knowledge
Place of PublicationNew York, NY, USA
PublisherAssociation of Computing Machinery
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781450389358
Publication statusPublished - 12 Apr 2021
Event11th International Learning Analytics and Knowledge Conference: LAK 2021 - Virtuell, United States
Duration: 12 Apr 202116 Apr 2021

Publication series

NameACM International Conference Proceeding Series


Conference11th International Learning Analytics and Knowledge Conference
Abbreviated titleLAK 21
Country/TerritoryUnited States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Networks and Communications

Fields of Expertise

  • Information, Communication & Computing


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