Machine Learning for heat radiation modeling of bi- and polydisperse particle systems including walls

Josef Tausendschön*, Gero Stöckl, Stefan Radl

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We investigated the ability of four popular Machine Learning methods i.e., Deep Neural Networks (DNNs), Random Forest-based regressors (RFRs), Extreme Gradient Boosting-based regressors (XGBs), and stacked ensembles of DNNs, to model the radiative heat transfer based on view factors in bi- and polydisperse particle beds including walls. Before training and analyzing the predictive capability of each method, an adjustment of markers used in monodisperse systems, as well as an evaluation of new markers was performed. On the basis of our dataset that considers a wide range of particle radii ratios, system sizes, particle volume fractions, as well as different particle-species volume fractions, we found that (i) the addition of particle size information allows the transition from monodisperse to bi- and polydisperse beds, and (ii) the addition of particle volume fraction information as the fourth marker leads to very accurate predictions. In terms of the overall performance, DNNs and RFRs should be preferred compared to the other two options. For particle–particle view factors, DNN and RFR are on par, while for particle–wall the RFR is superior. We demonstrate that DNNs and RFRs can be built to meet or even exceed the prediction quality standards achieved in a monodisperse system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-140
Number of pages22
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023


  • Discrete element method (DEM)
  • Heat radiation modeling
  • Machine learning
  • Polydisperse particles
  • View factors
  • Wall radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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