Material Characterization of Geopolymer Concrete for Its Beneficial Use in Composite Construction

Joachim Juhart*, Christopher Gößler, Cyrill Grengg, Florian Mittermayr, Andrew McIntosh, Bernhard Freytag

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Geopolymer concrete (GPC) is an inorganic, mineral-based construction material with high resistance to chemical attack and further excellent properties such as rapid strength development and relatively low CO2 emissions in comparison to ordinary Portland cement based normal concrete (PCC). However, production technologies, corresponding to the workability and time-dependent properties during the hardening of GPC are not known in detail. The aim of an ongoing research project is to combine GPC with PCC to form composite structures for applications in chemically aggressive environments such as sewers. This paper deals with material properties of GPC, which have significant impact on the composite action. GPC formulations with different workability (soft and stiff-plastic consistencies) were developed and investigated with regard to their compressive and tensile strength development over time, as well as shrinkage during hardening under different ambient conditions (autogenous shrinkage, drying shrinkage, early shrinkage). The GPCs investigated show significant autogenous shrinkage and drying shrinkage. Under dry conditions, additionally very high early shrinkage occurs immediately after the beginning of hardening, which was tested using the image correlation method. The extent of this early shrinkage depends strongly on the thickness of the specimen. As another result of this experimental study, equations for the prediction of the strength development over time are given in this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRILEM Bookseries
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media B.V.
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Publication series

NameRILEM Bookseries
ISSN (Print)2211-0844
ISSN (Electronic)2211-0852


  • Autogenous
  • Composite construction
  • early and drying shrinkage
  • Geopolymer concrete
  • Strength development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials

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