Microbial consortia of bacteria and fungi with focus on the lichen symbiosis

M. Grube, Gabriele Berg

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The investigation of fungal–bacterial interactions is an emerging field of research applying tools of modern microbial ecology. Studies have previously focused on the mycorrhizosphere, but in past decade, the role of bacteria in other fungal niches has been increasingly evaluated. This review presents recent progress in the understanding of fungal–bacterial interactions and contains a special focus on lichen symbioses. Lichens are traditionally considered as mutualisms between fungi and photoautotrophic species, but recent molecular approaches have revealed that lichens also harbour diverse microbial communities. Using modern DNA/RNA-based and microscopic techniques (e.g. FISH and confocal laser scanning microscopy) we are now able to analyse the abundance, composition, and structure of microbial communities in the lichen holobiont. Lichen-associated microbial communities consist of diverse …
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to) 72–85
JournalFungal Biology Reviews
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2009

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