Modelling the creep behaviour of tempered martensitic steel based on a hybrid approach

Surya Deo Yadav*, Bernhard Sonderegger, Muhammad Stracey, Maria Cecilia Poletti

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this work, we present a novel hybrid approach to describe and model the creep behaviour of tempered martensitic steels. The hybrid approach couples a physically based model with a continuum damage mechanics (CDM) model. The creep strain is modelled describing the motions of three categories of dislocations: mobile, dipole and boundary. The initial precipitate state is simulated using the thermodynamic software tool MatCalc. The particle radii and number densities are incorporated into the creep model in terms of Zener drag pressure. The Orowan's equation for creep strain rate is modified to account for tertiary creep using softening parameters related to precipitate coarsening and cavitation. For the first time the evolution of internal variables such as dislocation densities, glide velocities, effective stresses on dislocations, internal stress from the microstructure, subgrain size, pressure on subgrain boundaries and softening parameters is discussed in detail. The model is validated with experimental data of P92 steel reported in the literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-341
Number of pages12
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Publication statusPublished - 26 Apr 2016


  • Creep
  • Damage
  • Dislocations
  • P92
  • Physically based modelling
  • Precipitates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

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