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In order to improve the mechanical properties at elevated temperatures, several types of steels are mechanically alloyed with yttria. The processes that are active during milling differ dependent on the individual powder constituents. Nevertheless, some theories exist which try to describe the mechanism of producing a metastable phase during milling. However, even in the system iron–yttria, the mechanisms taking place during milling are still not well understood. By using the example of a simple iron–yttria model alloy, this paper attempts to elucidate the structure of mechanically milled powder particles and, consequently, to clarify the functionality of mechanical alloying in the last stage of milling. Positron annihilation experiments on milled materials revealed “open” volumes which are enriched in yttria. Electron backscatter diffraction and atom probe tomography as complimentary techniques allowed an identification of these “open” volumes as mainly vacancies, where enrichments of Y and O occur. From these results, it can be concluded that especially vacancies are responsible for producing a metastable phase, whereby yttria is dissolved in pure iron
|Journal||Journal of Applied Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
Fields of Expertise
- Advanced Materials Science
Treatment code (Nähere Zuordnung)
- Basic - Fundamental (Grundlagenforschung)
FingerprintDive into the research topics of 'New findings on the atomistic mechanisms active during mechanical milling of a Fe-Y_2O_3 model alloy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
- 1 Active
Atomic defects in metals and metals oxides
Sprengel, W., Würschum, R., Klinser, G. & Resch, L.
1/01/12 → …
Project: Research project