Nondimensional Translational Characteristics of Elastomer Components

Andreas Dutzler*, Christian Buzzi, Martin Leitner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Elastomer components are used in both primary and secondary spring stages in bogies of rail vehicles. The design of spring components of a bogie requires knowledge on the calculation of the elastic properties of these components. An elastomer spring component is typically analysed in the dimension to be investigated. Calculated force-displacement curves are directly related to the material and dimension of the component itself. The objective of this paper is to establish generalized or, in other words, universally valid force-displacement characteristics by breaking the entanglement with component size. The advantage of this approach is the extended validity of the results for a specific spring shape of any size. The simulations are performed only once for each shape and may be converted to any other size using the proposed methodology. A numerical study of a layer spring with rectangular cross-sectional area and fixed edges on both top and bottom sides serves as a reference example.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-24
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Engineering Design and Simulation
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021


  • bogie
  • elastomer components
  • spring characteristics
  • finite element analysis
  • hyperelasticity

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