Performance of the 'hardening soil model' for a deep excavation problem

M. G. Freiseder*, H. F. Schweiger

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperpeer-review


The Hardening Soil Model has been used to analyse the deformation behaviour of an excavation for an underground car park. Although the excavation is not very deep (about 6.3 m below the surface) it is a very crucial project because of the presence of soft soil layers and the vicinity to existing railway lines. In addition to numerical analyses prior to construction it was decided to refine the analysis during construction utilizing results from in situ measurements obtained in the early stages of construction. Results from these analyses are presented together with measured displacements. It follows from this comparison that the numerical model proved to be a valuable tool in assessing the deformations to be expected at critical phases of excavation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBeyond 2000 in computational geotechnics. Ten Years of PLAXIS International. Proceedings of the international symposium, Amsterdam, March 1999.
EditorsR.B.J. Brinkgreve
PublisherA.A. Balkema
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)905809040X
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1999
Event1999 International Symposium Beyond 2000 in Computational Geotechnics: 10 years of PLAXIS International - Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 18 Mar 199920 Mar 1999


Conference1999 International Symposium Beyond 2000 in Computational Geotechnics


  • Consolidation
  • Deep excavation
  • Finite element method
  • In situ measurements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

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