Photoresponsive Ion Extraction/Release Systems: Dynamic Ion Optodes for Calcium and Sodium Based on Photochromic Spiropyran

Günter Mistlberger, Xiaojiang Xie, Marcin Pawlak, Gaston A. Crespo, Eric Bakker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Photoresponsive ion extraction/release systems (PRIONERS) represent a highly interesting tool for the localized and time-controlled chemical perturbation of biological materials. We report here on our first results on phototriggered calcium and sodium exchanging materials. Such materials exist in two distinct states (“on” and “off”), depending on the wavelength of illumination. We used a combination of spectroscopic and electrochemical methods to obtain a better understanding of the dynamic processes involved in the triggered ion-exchange reaction upon activation of the photoactive compound. The driving force for the ion exchange is the light-induced acidity change of the chromoionophore. Activation with UV light generates a species in the membrane with an increased pKa. Protons are pulled into the membrane, and at the same time, ions are expelled. The selectivity of the system is determined by the employed ionophore. In contrast to photoresponsive ionophore-based systems, the concept presented here is applicable for virtually any ion of interest for which an ionophore exists.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2983-2990
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume85
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science

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