Piston-Pin rotation and lubrication

Hannes Allmaier*, David Emanuel Sander

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The rotational dynamics and lubrication of the piston pin of a Gasoline engine are investigated in this work. The clearance plays an essential role for the lubrication and dynamics of the piston pin. To obtain a realistic clearance, as a first step, a thermoelastic simulation is conducted for the aluminum piston for the full-load firing operation by considering the heat flow from combustion into the piston top and suitable thermal boundary conditions for the piston rings, piston skirt, and piston void. The result from this thermoelastic simulation is a noncircular and strongly enlarged clearance. In the second step, the calculated temperature field of the piston and the piston-pin clearance are used in the simulation of the piston-pin journal bearings. For this journal bearing simulation, a highly advanced and extensively validated method is used that also realistically describes mixed lubrication. By using this approach, the piston-pin rotation and lubrication are investigated for several different operating conditions from part load to full load for different engine speeds. It is found that the piston pin rotates mostly at very slow rotational speeds and even changes its rotational direction between different operating conditions. Several influencing effects on this dynamic behaviour (e.g., clearance and pin surface roughness) are investigated to see how the lubrication of this crucial part can be improved
Original languageEnglish
Article number30
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2020


  • Combustion engine
  • Friction
  • Journal bearing simulation
  • Piston pin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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