Plant species and soil type cooperatively shape the structure and function of microbial communities in the rhizosphere

Gabriele Berg, K. Smalla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The rhizosphere is of central importance not only for plant nutrition, health and quality but also for microorganism-driven carbon sequestration, ecosystem functioning and nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems. A multitude of biotic and abiotic factors are assumed to influence the structural and functional diversity of microbial communities in the rhizosphere. In this review, recent studies on the influence of the two factors, plant species and soil type, on rhizosphere-associated microbial communities are discussed. Root exudates and the response of microorganisms to the latter as well as to root morphology were shown to shape rhizosphere microbial communities. All studies revealed that soil is the main reservoir for rhizosphere microorganisms. Many secrets of microbial life in the rhizosphere were recently uncovered due to the enormous progress in molecular and microscopic tools. Physiological and …
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
JournalFEMS Microbiology Ecology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2009

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