Poly(vinyl alcohol)-based Anion Exchange Membranes for Alkaline Direct Ethanol Fuel Cells

Asep Muhamad Samsudin*, Sigrid Wolf, Michaela Roschger, Viktor Hacker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Crosslinked anion exchange membranes (AEMs) made from poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) as a backbone polymer and different approaches to functional group introduction were prepared by means of solution casting with thermal and chemical crosslinking. Membrane characterization was performed by SEM, FTIR, and thermogravimetric analyses. The performance of AEMs was evaluated by water uptake, swelling degree, ion exchange capacity, OH- conductivity, and single cell tests. A combination of quaternized ammonium poly(vinyl alcohol) (QPVA) and poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDMAC) showed the highest conductivity, water uptake, and swelling among other functional group sources. The AEM with a combined mass ratio of QPVA and PDDMAC of 1:0.5 (QPV/PDD0.5) has the highest hydroxide conductivity of 54.46 mS cm-1. The single fuel cell tests with QPV/PDD0.5 membrane yield the maximum power density and current density of 8.6 mW cm-2 and 47.6 mA cm-2 at 57 °C. This study demonstrates that PVA-based AEMs have the potential for alkaline direct ethanol fuel cells (ADEFCs) application.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-443
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Renewable Energy Development
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2021


  • Anion exchange membranes
  • Crosslinking
  • Fuel cells
  • PVA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Fields of Expertise

  • Mobility & Production
  • Advanced Materials Science


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