Potential and limitations of terrestrial laser scanning for discontinuity roughness estimation

M. Bitenc*, D. S. Kieffer, K. Khoshelham

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Terrestrial Laser Scanning (TLS) greatly facilitates the acquisition of detailed and accurate 3D measurements of remote rock outcrops, at an operational range from several meters to a few kilometres. Reliable, quantitative measures of rock discontinuity roughness are necessary to characterize and evaluate the mechanical and hydraulic behavior of the rock mass. The aim of this research is to investigate the TLS potential and limitations for a reliable estimation of small scale roughness. TLS data noise and resolution define the level of extractable morphological detail, and therefore need to be known and associated with roughness value. The stationary variant of Discrete Wavelet Transform (SWT) was applied to estimate TLS noise level and perform wavelet denoising in direction of range measurements. Denoised TLS data were compared to reference surfaces of decreasing resolution (reference grids) in order to define the size of extractable surface detail. Noise and resolution effect on rock surface roughness, wavelet denoising success and extractable roughness scale were investigated with comparative analyses of TLS and reference surfaces. The developed methodology enabled reasonable TLS noise estimation, improved capabilities of TLS for modelling fine features of an irregular rock surface, and indicated the surface scale that can be reliably extracted from the TLS data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)935-941
Number of pages7
JournalThe International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Issue number2/W13
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jun 2019
Event4th ISPRS Geospatial Week 2019 - Enschede, Netherlands
Duration: 10 Jun 201914 Jun 2019


  • Discontinuity roughness
  • Effective resolution
  • Range noise
  • Stationary Wavelet Transform
  • Terrestrial Laser Scanning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Geography, Planning and Development


Dive into the research topics of 'Potential and limitations of terrestrial laser scanning for discontinuity roughness estimation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this