Probing electron beam effects with chemoresistive nanosensors during in situ environmental transmission electron microscopy

Stephan Steinhauer, Z. Wang, Z. Zhou, Johanna Krainer, K. Nordlund, F. Djurabekova, Anton Köck, P. Grammatikopoulos, M. Sowwan

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We report in situ and ex situ fabrication approaches to construct p-type (CuO) and n-type (SnO2) metal oxide nanowire devices for operation inside an environmental transmission electron microscope (TEM). By taking advantage of their chemoresistive properties, the nanowire devices were employed as sensitive probes for detecting reactive species induced by the interactions of high-energy electrons with surrounding gas molecules, in particular, for the case of O2 gas pressures up to 20 mbar. In order to rationalize our experimental findings, a computational model based on the particle-in-cell method was implemented to calculate the spatial distributions of scattered electrons and ionized oxygen species in the environmental TEM. Our approach enables the a priori identification and qualitative measurement of undesirable beam effects, paving the way for future developments related to their mitigation.
This work was supported by funding from OIST Graduate University and has been partly performed within the project MSP Multi Sensor Platform for Smart Building Management (FP7-ICT-2013-10 Collaborative Project, No. 611887).
Original languageEnglish
Article number094103
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2017

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