Representation of storage operations in network-constrained optimization models for medium- and long-term operation

Diego A. Tejada-Arango*, Sonja Wogrin, Efraim Centeno

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper proposes a model to carry out analysis of storage facilities operation including a transmission network. The model represents a short-term storage operation in an approximated way that reduces computational requirements, which makes it suitable for medium- and long-term operational planning in power systems with a high level of renewable energy penetration. In the proposed model, we cluster hourly data using the so-called system-states framework developed in previous work. Within this framework, nonconsecutive similar time periods are grouped, while chronological information is represented by a transition matrix among states.We extend the system-state framework from a single-bus system to a transmission network.We define and analyze two alternative sets of representative variables for clustering hours to obtain system states when the transmission network is considered. This extension of the system states framework allows us to evaluate the impact of transmission congestions in mediumand long-term planning models in a reasonable computation time. A case study shows that the proposed model is 235 times faster than an hourly approach, used as benchmark, whereas the overall system cost is approximated with less than 2% error. The overall charging/discharging trends are similar enough to those of the hourly model, being hydro storage better approximated than fastramping batteries. Besides, for the analyzed case study, it is shown how congestion in the transmission network in fact improves the accuracy of the proposed approach.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7892923
Pages (from-to)386-396
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Energy storage
  • optimal power flow
  • optimization
  • power system models
  • system states

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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