Simulating the performance of a formamidinium based mixed cation lead halide perovskite solar cell

Denis Stanić, Vedran Kojić, Tihana Čižmar, Krunoslav Juraić, Lara Bagladi, Jimmy Mangalam, Thomas Rath, Andreja Gajović*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


With the aim of decreasing the number of experiments to obtain a perovskite solar cell (PSC) with maximum theoretical efficiency, in this paper, PSC performance was studied using the program solar cell capacitance simulator (SCAPS-1D). The PSC with the architecture ITO/TiO2 /perovskite/spiroMeOTAD/Au was investigated, while the selected perovskite was mixed cation Rb0.05 Cs0.1 FA0.85 PbI3. The analysis was based on an experimentally prepared solar cell with a power conversion efficiency of ~7%. The PSC performance, verified by short-circuit current density (Jsc), open-circuit voltage (Voc), fill factor (FF) and power conversion efficiency (PCE), was studied by optimization of the simulation parameters responsible for improvement of the cell operation. The optimized parameters were absorber layer thickness, doping, defect concentration and the influence of the resistivity (the net effect of ohmic loss, Rs and the leakage current loss represented by the resistivity, Rshunt). The results of SCAPS-1D simulations estimated the theoretical power conversion efficiency of 15% for our material. We have showed that the main contribution to improvement of solar cell efficiency comes with lowering ohmic resistivity of the cell as well as doping and defect concentration, because their concentration is proportional to recombination rate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6341
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2021


  • Device simulation
  • Perovskite solar cells
  • Power conversion efficiency
  • SCAPS-1D

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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