Small Gál sums and applications

Régis de la Bretèche, Marc Munsch, Gérald Tenenbaum

Research output: Working paperPreprint


In recent years, maximizing G\'al sums regained interest due to a firm link with large values of $L$-functions. In the present paper, we initiate an investigation of small sums of G\'al type, with respect to the $L^1$-norm. We also consider the intertwined question of minimizing weighted versions of the usual multiplicative energy. We apply our estimates to: (i) a logarithmic refinement of Burgess' bound on character sums, improving previous results of Kerr, Shparlinski and Yau; (ii) an improvement on earlier lower bounds by Louboutin and the second author for the number of non vanishing theta functions associated to Dirichlet characters; and (iii) new lower bounds for low moments of character sums.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages18
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2019

Publication series e-Print archive
PublisherCornell University Library


  • math.NT
  • 11L40, 11N37 (Primary), 05D05, 11F27 (Secondary)


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